~Dark side of the technical advance~

 Introduction                                           

     Electronic waste (e-waste) is now increasing at more than three times the growth rate of general waste. E-wastes are considered dangerous, in which contains components that are highly toxic and materials that are hazardous. And these materials pose a threat to human health and environment. Many of the E-waste is dumped in developing country threatening health problem to people living in those area especially to the children.

                                                                                                                                             

 The E-waste can be serious international problem in the next decade. In many southern places people live by the garbage and landfills. And the exportation of e-waste to southern countries is responsible for environmental degradation and human right violations. We need affective solution nationally and internationally to stop increase rate of e-waste and exportation. This paper concentrates in explaining about E-waste, how it is treated and possible solution to the problem. And through case studies, the paper reviews the reality of the situation that developed country manufacturers and consumers are contributing to a significant health and environmental disaster in the developing world. An examination of this issue reveals the scope of the problem and requirement of legislative action.

What is E-Waste?

     E-waste is one of the most problems wich threaten both environment and human health. E-waste is every electronic device which have not been used and disposed inappropriately. E-waste growing number of electronics devices includes from large household appliances such as refrigerators, washers, dryers, to air conditioner, cell phone, fluorescent lamp bulbs, and computers. It is hazardous because every electronic device contains pollutant materials like lead, cadmium, mercury and so on. Also the plastic which use for the most electronics is difficult to recycle, and possibility to transform dioxin.   Therefore it contaminates local environment, and also people living around the trash areas suffer from these toxic substances because these substances sink into the ground water and enter food chain and ecosystem. 

    

     Electronic waste (e-waste) is now increasing at more than three times the growth rate of general waste. E-wastes are considered dangerous, in which contains components that are highly toxic and materials that are hazardous. And these materials pose a threat to human health and environment. Many of the E-waste is dumped in developing country threatening health problem to people living in those area especially to the children.

 

     The E-waste can be serious international problem in the next decade. In many southern places people live by the garbage and landfills. And the exportation of e-waste to southern countries is responsible for environmental degradation and human right violations. We need affective solution nationally and internationally to stop increase rate of e-waste and exportation. This paper concentrates in explaining about E-waste, how it is treated and possible solution to the problem. And through case studies, the paper reviews the reality of the situation that developed country manufacturers and consumers are contributing to a significant health and environmental disaster in the developing world. An examination of this issue reveals the scope of the problem and requirement of legislative action.

 

 resources:http://www.unu.edu/zef/step.html  

 
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